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Process

Garage Studio as beginning

Situated in the increasingly crowded gated community at West Jakarta, Indonesia, the 110 sqm design architecture  office “RAW architecture” occupies a 150 sqm in 375 sqm plot of land and built at the periphery and inside main house’s garage. Reflected by its name, RAW architecture office, the finishes is bare and using natural material. Size-wise it is extremely efficient, and relatively small, but its dotted exposed plywood facade combined with exposed concrete, black painted wall gives it a distinctive look yet privacy from outside the gated neighbourhood.
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Plan scenario 1

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Plan scenario 2

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Mezzanine plan

The office is divided by 2 main structure located at the garden and the garage of the existing house. The first structure is meeting space which made by plywood structure located at outdoor The office has one meeting room dedicated for OMAH library, which is made by plywood which housed all of the architecture books, OMAH is community based library and sometimes is used for hosting architecture talks and discussion. OMAH is made by plywood forming an arch as its geometry, This 2.4 m x 8.0 m wide span arch pavillion is made entirely from prefabricated plywood. The office was built by local craftsmen. The design was prefabricated in the workshop by creating 120 (200 mm x 400 mm x 600 mm ) boxes, and  120 leaning 3 equal trapezoid boxes for arch modulethe detail is exercised on spot by the plywood by bolt ,ring, and hand in time of 1.5 week construction.

The fabricated system is designed to be built within 2 weeks accommodating efficiency, affordability, movability as temporary structure without using many people and can be built by hand with minimum tools.  You can  see omah’s program in here http://www.omahlibrary.com

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the second structure is working space located at the garage of the main existing house. The office space is designed based on efficiency to create intimate feeling for designers working on intense architecture projects. The working space has no receiving area, no permanent wall. A simple foyer and a big openingwith generous footwear storage- guests are to take off and store theirs there before entering-precede the lounging area. After the entrance, the  separation between technical and designer also takes some importance its final layout is the result of few adjustments based on the designer and technical’s domestic habits. The only enclosed space in the first story is administration room study, which doubles as a office storage. The second story mezanine area is more private spaces to store vast material library, and some drinks for chill out time.

RAW  has been arranging summer architecture fellowship program which invites 50 people per year in South East Asia to be trainee, learning skill of programming, designing space, and more is to understand the local craftsmanship available developed in the office. http://raw.co.id/summerarchitectureworkshop/
The office shows example of small home office in Jakarta tries to explore design in its space situated in very limited space in Jakarta.

RAW is like a roseto  that believe on the workshop between the craftsmen and designer for having the best solution in the design, I want to create roseto that is intimate, fun and breaking the boundary to create innovation as much as we can.”
Realrich Sjarief.

Architects : RAW architecture
Location : Jakarta, Special Capital Region of Jakarta, Indonesia
Architect in Charge : Realrich Sjarief
Area : 150.0 sqm
Project Year : 2015
Photographs : Mario Wibowo , Courtesy of RAW architecture
Manufacturers : Asahi, Bloom, Borobudur, Dekson, Dulux, Jayaboard, Mortar Utama, Toto

site Archdaily “http://www.archdaily.com/786760/raw-architectures-office-raw-architecture”

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Process

Elevation

ModelFrom the outside, the design exercised introvert expression, blocked by layers of solid wall, humble with existing with tropical canopy as expression. The curve, circular expression is blocked by the wall and strange library as periphery.The transparency and more complex form emerge when we enter the building passing the public through more private space.

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Section

Model Model Model

The building consists of planned intimate floor to ceiling, and high ceiling when its necessary for possible arrangement of the space to be public space which happens in principal and living room. The sequence and view broken down by intimate vista, curve, and solid void interplay framing the skylight.

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Plan

The Ground floor is the arrival when the residence and studio people coming in one entrance. Meanwhile public who want to come to strange library is separated at the periphery of the cluster and ended in the landscape amphitheater, the heart of the complex. The sequence is interplay with axial vista, private – public, and functionality of the space.

GF publish FF Publish RF publish

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Process

99 Percent Sumarah

The process and product of our creativity and the appreciation for our sponsor. Please visit our website : http://www.raw.co.id/99percentsumarah Writing

99% Sumarah adalah refleksi dari dua buah jalan dalam bepikir mengenai definisi sebuah kekuatan sebagai seorang manusia. Pemikiran pertama mendefiniskan kekuatan sebagai sebuah kesempatan untuk menang, bagaimana untuk mendapatkan kekuasaan, dan untuk menjaga kekuasaan. Instalasi ini bertujuan untuk memberikan pemikiran interpretasi, tanpa pernah memberitahukan secara ekplisit, pengunjung harus mengunakan ide ide mereka dan pengalamannya untuk mendefinisikan hal tersebut. Hal itu lah yang membuat pemikiran kedua, yaitu Sumarah menjadi nyata. Sumarah adalah pengajaran spiritual dari jawa. Sumarah adalah seni untuk berpasrah diri, dimana menyerahkan dirimu kepada semesta. Sumarah adalah penyerahan tanpa berharap apapun, dimana rasionalitas menjadi lebur dan tidak meminta apa – apa, menerima keadaan apa adanya. Inilah sebuah kondisi yang paling alamiah.
Sumarah adalah instalasi yang sederhana yang terdiri dari 300 buah kotak berukuran 300 x 300 x 600 mm yang ditumpuk – tumpuk menjadi ruang yang sederhana namun terlihat rumit. Proses pengerjaannya sederhana memakan waktu kurang dari satu hari. Struktur tumpuk adalah sebuah cara yang primitif untuk membuat ruangan, dengan menggabungkan kurva parabolic dan kurva catenary, bangunan ini bisa menahan bebannya sendiri dengan sambungan sesedikit mungkin tanpa pondasi. Sumarah terdiri dari dua buah pintu keluar masuk yang membentuk siluet kurva catenary dimana ketika pengunjung masuk, akan dipertontonkan kehidupan alam, ikan dan tanaman sebagai simbol kehidupan. Dari tampak luar, instalasi ini akan terlihat kompleks membentuk bentuk bukit yang ditumpuk dari material nano technology. Namun dari dalam, memberikan kompleksitas, kehidupan itu sendiri tidak ada yang pernah sama, mendekati kondisi alam yang kompleks dan subtil itulah konsep mendasar dari ruang yang terbentuk. Tanaman – tanaman akan ditanam di udara segar, dan ikan – ikan akan dilepaskan di perairan yang segar sebagai refleksi dari kehidupan yang begitu indah.

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Process

Walling the West – East side

This house in Jakarta walled its west side with service and open air space while exposing south and north to landscape and transparent, covered by roof that function as garden and rainwater collection. The detail is crafted on site by local and basic material, brick, concrete, plate and hollow steel.

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Illustration

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Structure System

using foot plate foundation installed at a depth of 1.5 m which is used for 2 storey building. the foundations made continuous with the column with its base in the form of cast concrete with reinforcement plate. The process requiring extensive excavation, mold, and water mixture for casting concrete. The footplate foundations merge with continous footing. columns and beams use steel that are connected with stiffener. the distance between column and columns about 6-8m.

the floor plate is made from profiled steel decking and the cast by concrete aims to save on materials.

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Water Ground Harvesting 

Rain water is captured from the roof catchments then flows to a shelter in the form of a fish pond, this rain water flowed through pipes located on the side of the building. the water collected will be pumped to garden watering set by timer  everyday at 7am and 5 pm

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Defining Poetic Architecture

Poetry essentially immeasurable because it is something that can be felt but intangible. When it is applied to architecture , then there is a poetic creation with one important criteria which is inclusivity attitude, there are 3 inclusive approach that is exercised in the guild which antoniades might agreed with this :

  1. through the inclusion as many people as possible to create great thought about system
  2. through the inclusion as many diverse points of view as possible with regard to what has been perceived and appreciated as good in architecture
  3. through the inclusion as many ways of conception as possible, to create never itteration until the design get exercised and built.

A building is not like an article that is easy to read and has implied meaning,  but more like poetry that requires a deep understanding beyond what appears on the surface. An architects has elements of space, form and scale that can be described as a poetic space through inclusivity attitude. A poetic space can be measuring the value of intimacy which determines what kind of relationship between space and human. the dimension of intimacy can be a space-forming element that ultimately determines the level of poetic a space. The dimension of intimacy which makes a space has a different identity from another space. A story is one of the ways to get the value of intimacy, and also has a role in describing the space created. these stories that will give meaning to the space. The intimacy that can be perceived by human to space to determine whether the space will be something meaningful or empty.

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Programming

The guild is a house for living, working and sharing. The guild’s program combined RAW’s studio, OMAH library and residence. The Design in this house was exercised in program, construction making, and process of living in full iteration from concept to construction. The program is flexible and demanding, providing flexibility and limitations of activities. In this house, the living, working, and sharing is exercised in programming and the detail. The programming is to be flexible but provide limitations. The program has been changing from time to time, from 3 bedrooms to 1 bedroom, from simple shape to more complex geometry, from perfection to imperfection. The guild consists of 2 storey, 1 mezzanine, and 1 summer pavilion on its roof top sitting along with linear garden and one inner courtyard. The office consists of mezzanine and formed by catenary curved, parabolic curve and circle forming the door, the office plan, and window. The structure material used is steel, in a grid 2x 6 m stair as its vertical circulation. It is located at the centre with the main and biggest tappered void made by concrete with slight opening on the top.

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Process

Passive Cooling at the Studio facing west side

This Passive cooling provides to balance the temperature and humidity through the flow of energy. It flows for radiation, conduction, or convection, without electrical tools. Passive Cooling in this building is located in Mezzanine Studio. Here’s some pictures of Passive Cooling we have designed:

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opening near the entrance

This opening provides the air flow from air conditioner from the next floor mezzanine. This opening created with 4 cm steel framework module, coated by perforated steel and we use fisher finishing . Perforated steel has designed with holes, so the air can flow through the perforated.

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Catenary Curve, between Studio and Associates Room

The Catenary Curve opening could flow the air from mezzanine to the area between associates room and mezzanine. It framed by 2mm thick steel.

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Gap between polycarbonat and concrete

This gap located on the side building which separates studio and motorcycle parking. The function of this gap is similiar with those opening which had been explained above; to flow the cool air from the second floor of the mezzanine to the floor below it. This gap also has a function to conduct natural light from outside the building.  This gap is coated by polycarbonate and perforated steel. Polycarbonate was placed there to reduce the warm.

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In Mezanine, near the pool

 

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Detail of little hole

 

Actually, this opening was closed by a 8mm solid glass, and the proper function of this opening is not the flow the air from above to below but to conduct the natural light, and to create the “unity” between the Ground Floor Mezzanine and the floor above it. Solid glass, give the transparent effect and also strong enough to  And, there is a little hole to withstand human weight. But, this opening still capable to flow the cool air, cause there is a little hole on it, which allow cross air circulation.

 

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Process

Stacking Skylight

The tappered skylight is elaborated in 4 different forms and details with steel as bracket of tempered glass with each uses from the simple into the more complex showing the relationship in working by architect, the design team and builders. The smallest skylight is placed at the 2nd living room, bedroom, and private bathroom. The other skylights is placed in the second bedroom and offices which is exercised of opening at top and opening at the side forming a stacking expression “tumpangsari”, stepped form like stairs, a philosophy in Javanese Culture that is usually found in roof wooden structure in traditional joglo house. It’s a belief that as human we are willing to be successful, going up the ladder of life, nevertheless in this house, this form is made by concrete. The house is open facing north south while the west side is walled with open air bathroom. The other double layered poly carbonate and perforated metal sheet screen provides lighting and more privacy to the office look as its location is in the residential area.

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Process

Work in Progress

The process consists of several types of construction material to achieve efficiency, and durability by local craftsmanship. The first one is engineered wood construction using thinnest plywood in the area which is untouched by rain water which is engineered by 2 cm thickness plywood to easily bent in the curve and divided on module of 600 cm glass except the tempered glass which is used for full height glass from floor to ceiling. The other intention is to use recycle material such as iron wood and teakwood cut it into smaller pieces and treat it as floor finishes. All of the catenary door is an enginereed door which is exercised based on the efficiency of ergonomy, height of the people, ease to open the door, adjusted for the owner’s dimension, the minimum size of opening, the limitation of hinge and combination of steel.

The second process one is steel construction in creating rooftop stairs, office stairs, railing, window which use smallest size at it can to make it easy to build and construct with not more than 2 persons in one group using 40 x 40 mm steel in L shape and hollow shape joined with bolt to be able to dismantle and constructed in the construction process.

The third one is concrete construction which is art to casting the concrete which will open the skylight in top and the side part with tappered detail allowing natural light to the space inside.

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Movable skylight

The latest finding of the design is the movable skylight at the roof top of strange library. The material used is light plastic which can be reopened and cleaned for ease maintenance.

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1% degree

slanted granite with 5 mm thickness

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Ancient Expression

Stacking plate defining the courtyard inspired by ancient building technology

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Steel Frame Skylight

Skylight construction-we tried to build steel frame which hold glass that allow 5cm opening

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Craftmanship to form the top of granite with 5 mm thickness

Craftmanship to form the top of granite with 5 mm thickness. Granite to granite, the joint is designed to prevent cracking at the edge of the granite

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Gab in between space

Gab in between rooms for allowing fresh air and skylight in 20 m double loaded corridor space

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Circular and Catenary form work

The design get exercised to get those circle and catenary shape on drawing and on site , through several types of construction materials by local craftsmanship. the bricks arranged to follow the shape of circle or catenary  assisted using a rope to define a mold then  the bricks takced refined using cement to get the perfect shape with plastered.

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Process

Glass Floor Plate in Circle

this glass floor using hollow as a frame. the hollows joined by using welding method, and covered by 10mm tempered glass which is has good quality in terms of retaining heat and also strong enough to hold the load of humanweight.

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Books of Architecture – Strange library

The Guild has a library, called OMAH Library,  which located near studio bathroom. The library’s wall was created by concrete, and finished by couting. The plafond used gypsum material with waffle pattern, and there is skylights on the ceilling. This skylight function is to give natural lighting inside this library.

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Overall, this place was inspired by a poem which written by Ann C.

 

We’re curious. We learn.
We become hungry for knowledge as if we’ve been starving for centuries.
Thus, we cram, we swallow and try to devour everything we could into our heads.

However, time chases us like a hunter after prey.
After all, knowledge doesn’t come to us effortlessly.
We risk the danger of being demolished with time and carefully learn all that there is to learn and remember.

At last, are we able to feast, risk it all and retreat without being fed on by time instead?

this poem told us, we are hungry for knowledge, but there’s no knowledge will come easily or come by it self. To get knowledge, we need efforts and make time to read the books. That’s why, the poem told us Library was weird. We can stay in library, reading books and spending our time without realize time has passed

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Organic Lab – Food + Aesthetic, Surface + Fundamental. Questions about plants

The wild plants adjacent the guild  is cultivated in the glass box to push its limit to local climate. There are another typical productive plans used and plants in the konples

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Automated Irrigation system

assisted with a timer that regularly activates the pump at 7am and 5pm to garden watering. 
the water comes from rainwater collected.
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Strange Details

based on experiences and projects that have been done as well as the commitment to keep learning, growing, and creativity, RAW tried to apply details that is not generally in the Guild. the result is very satisfactory and expected to be a lesson to apply on another projects.

 

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Concrete Pool with integrated overflow system

this concrete pool is designed to use overflow system. the water is filtered and redistributed to the pool through a mixture of different return inlets.

when the pool is already full, the incoming water automatically spills over and it will create overflow effect. besides creating a dramatic effect, that overflow pool tends to be much cleaner because the water perfectly recycled.

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Overflow Fish Pond with Steel plate finish

similarly with the pool. the fish pond use overflow system.

when the pond is already full, the incoming water automatically spills over and it will create overflow effect. this system makes the water in the pond perfectly recylced and clean.

 

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The periphery for strange library, and service, defining fortress

The outside periphery is designed for public library and located under the 0.00 level of the house, which is controlled to be maximum 27 degree celcius during the afternoon without air conditioner.

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Circle Window as focal point

The circle is a perfect shape, meaning that it is the same no matter how you look at it. It is complete and in harmony with nature – consider how many natural elements are circle-based.

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Ergonomy of Catenary curve door

The word catenary is derived from Latin word for ‘chain’. Nowadays, it is known as the shape of chain carrying nothing other by its weight suspended by its ends and acted on by gravity. The shape itself is easily encountered in the simplest forms of things of our surroundings such as spider’s web and suspended bridge. Commonly adapted to kiln, the catenary shape is adapted to doorway to achieve ideal shape for freestanding arch of abiding extent. All of the catenary door is an enginereed door which is exercised based on the efficiency of ergonomy, height of the people, ease to open the door, adjusted for the owner’s dimension, the minimum size of opening, the limitation of hinge and combination of steel.

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Process

Types of Wooden Finishes

The process consists of several types of construction material to achieve efficiency, and durability by local craftsmanship. The first one is engineered wood construction using thinnest plywood in the area which is untouched by rain water which is engineered by 2 cm thickness plywood to easily bent in the curve and divided on module of 600 cm glass except the tempered glass which is used for full height glass from floor to ceiling. The other intention is to use recycle material such as iron wood and teakwood cut it into smaller pieces and treat it as floor finishes. All of the catenary door is an enginereed door which is exercised based on the efficiency of ergonomy, height of the people, ease to open the door, adjusted for the owner’s dimension, the minimum size of opening, the limitation of hinge and combination of steel.

Type of wood used in the guild are.
1. Engineered wood, using plywood were combined according to the required thickness.
The next step is engineered wood coated by a layer of veneer which aims to give the appearance of natural wood grain. And then the final process is engineered wood painted by varnish clear coat to improve wood quality and resistance to water and termites. The engineered wood tends to be easier install and they are less expensive than solid wood
Applied on window frames, leaf doors and ceilings

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ceiling
window frames
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door

 

2. Solid wood, using iron wood coated by a transparent water based coating which is water repellent and uv absorbent.
Applied on stair treads.

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treads
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Process

Customised Railing

This costumized railling is located at the stairs which funcionate to connect the Associates Room, Technical Room, and Administration Room. This railing has a tubular shape, it connects every stairs step that located in one coordinate.

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Material use in this railing is a similliar with the perforated stair stepping, it’s metal 0,5 inch diameter. It’s joined by welding the end of pipe with the side of stepping stairs. This pipe is still soaring to the upside, till the administration room, connected to the perforate there, and joined by weld.

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Finding Pietra Serena with technique of Stucco Lucido

the guild tried to make something similar to pietra serena (a gray sandstone also known as Macigno stone) by using different material from GRC by applying techniques from Stucco Lucido.  Stucco Lucido is formed from dissolved animal glue, boiled linseed, and dissolved Bologna’s plaster (calcium sulfate). Natural earth shades are added to the mixture until the desired color is reached. The mixture is sieved and left to cool. So the color stays consistent a single mixture for all surfaces treated is made. Coats are applied to the surface and sand of each layer before moving on to the next one. In order to achieve a glossy brushed stucco finish, the process is continued by applying cross-layered coats. The last coat is applied with an iron spatula that is at least 8 cm wide. The mixture being pressed until the desired gloss is achieved. This technique avoids using wax, the glossy effect is achieved with a long hand-processing of the mixture that is laid on the surface and is what creates a fluid and transparent coating.

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Process

Grey Water Retention System

The basic principle is waste from baths, showers, washing machines, dishwashers,sinks, etc will be separated into solid waste and liquid waste. then the liquid waste that we called waste water will pass through pipes that have been hollowed to trickle into the soil.

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Zero Storm Water Run Off

Zero Strom Run Off is a methods to recycle the rainwater. In this building, this system is located in a manhole under the concretes in front of the Principal Room. This concrete connects the Principal Room and Amphitheatre.

This manhole is water recycle shelter. There are fish, one of it is mujaer and catfish. These fish could eat the dirt, makes the rainwater more filtered. Then, this rainwater is pomped and could be used for watering the landscape.

 

 

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Stair Details

  • Stairs in Associates Room

This stair is located in the left side of Associates Room as a connector of Associates room – Technical Room – Administration Room. On the first four steps, the width of the steps was made parallel to the wall resulting in the edges which are joined to the wall to be rotated abiding wall position. All of this stairs material is steel, including the structures and finishing. It’s 3,5 – 4 centimeters steel framework structures. The stair steps use perforated steel, supported by the steel framework structures. Screws, is used to join the steel framework and perforated stepping. To stick the steel frame with the bare concrete wall, we also use screws and elbows.

The Associates Stairs usin g screws to join the steel framewoks and perforated stepping, and also weld to join each steel frame.  To make the surface clear and smoother, the stairs painted with Duko then applied damping finishing. 151770

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  • Mezzanine Stair

This stair has a similiar stucture, construction, materials and finishing with the Associates Stair, located in RAW Studio Mezzanine, to connect Ground Mezzanine with the floor above it . This circular shaped stair was built inside a concrete circle which has 1,5 meters diameter width. Mezzanine stairs had 12 footsteps, which everysteps has 22,5 degree radius. The concrete thick is 15 centimeters.

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  • Stair Behind The Living Room

This stair is a private access of the resident, to connect Living Room to the residents private area (including maid), and also an access to the Roof Top. Unsimiliar with another stairs, this stair was made by concrete, steel, and wood.

Bare concrete was made as a structure of this stair, and also a place for the wood stair steps. This concrete applied couting finishing.

Steel was applied for railing. It has a pipe shaped, with 0,5 inch diameter and it height is 1,1 meters. To join the pipe, we are using weld.

We use Ulin Wood with Ultran finishing for the stair steps. For lighting, we use LED lamp as indirect lighting and placed it under the wood finish, hidden from the eye.

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  • Roof Top Stair

This stair is located in outdoor area in First Floor. Basically, the structure, material, and finishing of this stair is the same with Associates Stair and Mezzanine Stair. The difference is the railing shape, and the stair it self has L shaped.

It railing was created by steel frame, which is formed in rectangular shape. The height of railing is 1 meter. The join also using screw and weld. To make the surface clear and smoother, the stairs painted with Duko then applied damping finishing. 151837

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Process

Wind Tunnel in the Bedroom

600 x 600 skylight in the bedroom with the height of 3 m height of skylight to avoid direct sunlight to come to the bedroom more than 20 minutes a day.

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Wall Expression

Wall Expression, 30 cm + 10 cm + 60 cm + rupture in 10 cm

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O Shape

Progress steel frame window with hole formed by cutting o shape, try to exercise the theme strange detail : consistent from big circle to small circle, add up to strange details

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99 Percent Concept

The house is not finished at all in the process of living, but the process will be opened and shared, and ready for critics just for evaluating the process so next time, hopefully in the life of architect, next work should be better than before. The term 99 % is a process of almost finished which every work is always faced where 1% is left to the future, where work is occupied, changed, redefined by further need. The work of architect processed based on its expedients, alchemy, and experiments during the process of the making. Expedients is about the resources available in the process, alchemy is about the relationship along the persons inside the making, and experiments is more into the product driven by expedients and alchemy. The discussion about this work is based on this 3 category to uncover the relationship in the process of making of the guild which we are all hoping to hear, see, and learn from its 99% product and process.

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Process

Wind Tunnel

If there’s two mass, which created a gap, it will make the wind converge together and blows tightly, tighter than without any little gap. The basic principle is the wind will blows tight through a little hole or gap. That’s the purpose of Wind Tunnel System; make the wind blows without using Air Conditioner. There are two holes of Wind Tunnel System, it’s vertical and horizontal. The wind will enter this horizontal hole tightly, trapped inside this room, and to keep this room on it’s comfort temperature, the warm air will be transfered to the outside through the holes where located above the stairs (axis vertical), it’s more like stacking effects.